North American Flora 9(3): 171. 1910.
Common Name: Blue Chanterelle
Synonyms: Cantharellus multipex Underwood; Cratarellus multiplex (Underwood) Shope
Grows on ground, typcially in clusters. In California only known from the northwest corner of the state in spruce/fir forests.
Edible but mediocre.
This distinctive blue to purplish mushroom has only a superficial realtionship to the chanterelles, such as Craterellus cornucopiodes. Both micro-mophological and molecular evidence firmly places Polyozellus multiplex in the Thelephorales, along with Thelephora, Sarcodon, Hydnellum, and Boletopsis.
Bigelow, H.E. (1978). The Cantharelloid Fungi of New England and Adjacent Areas. Mycologia 70(4): 707-756.
Castellano, M.A., Smith, J.E., O'Dell, T., Cázares, E. & Nugent, S. (1999). Handbook to Strategy 1 Fungal Species in the Northwest Forest Plan. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: Portland, OR. 195 p.
Rokuya, I. (1953). Polyozellus multiplex and the Family Phylacteriaceae. Mycologia 45(4): 555-561.
Shope, P.F. (1938). Further Notes on Cantharellus multiplex. Mycologia 30(4): 372-374.
Smith, A.H. (1949). Mushrooms in their Natural Habitats. Sawyer's Inc: Portland, OR. 626 p.
Smith, A.H. & Morse, E.E. (1947). The genus Cantharellus in the western United States. Mycologia 39(5): 497-534.