Epicr. Mycol., p. 321. 1838.
Common Name: none
Cap 2.5-7 cm broad, convex with an inrolled margin, expanding to nearly plane with a low umbo or the disc depressed with an upturned margin; surface smooth to silky, slimy-viscid, white, occasionally faintly yellow in age; flesh white, soft, thick at the disc, thin elsewhere, unchanging; odor and taste mild.
Gills subdecurrent to decurrent, subdistant, moderately broad, waxy, white, sometimes faintly yellow in age.
Stipe 4-12 cm tall, 0.5-1.5 cm thick, equal to tapering towards the base, often bent, stuffed, becoming hollow at maturity; surface finely scaled at the apex, smooth below, white, viscid; veil absent.
Spores 6.5-8 x 3.5-5 µm, smooth, elliptical; spore print white.
Scattered in duff in hardwood/conifer woods; fruiting from early to mid-winter.
Edible, but maybe too slimy to be of culinary value.
The combination of a viscid cap and stipe distinguishes this Hygrophorus from several other white waxy-caps in our area.
Bas, C., Kyper, T.W., Noordeloos, M.E. & Vellinga, E.C. (1990). Flora Agaricina Neerlandica—Critical monographs on the families of agarics and boleti occuring in the Netherlands. Volume 2. Pluteaceae, Tricholomataceae. A. A. Balkema: Rotterdam, Netherlands. 137 p.
Bird, C.J. & Grund, D.W. (1979). Nova Scotian Species of Hygrophorus. The Nova Scotia Museum: Nova Scotia. 131 p.
Hesler, L.R. & Smith, A.H. (1963). North American Species of Hygrophorus. University of Tennessee Press: Knoxville, TN. 416 p.
Largent, D.L. (1985). The Agaricales (Gilled Fungi) of California. 5. Hygrophoraceae. Mad River Press: Eureka, CA. 208 p.